M1 & N1 Passenger Seats – ECE Reg 14.06 becomes law 1/11/2012test
Reg 14.06 becomes law 1/11/2012 and will remain law until Reg 14.07 1/11/2014. We have met this requirement since early 1994, “New vehicle types” obtaining ECWVTA after 01/11/2012 will have to meet the requirements of the “General Safety Regulation” No 661/2009 There are a wealth of passenger seating manufacturers out there, but it is your responsibility to dig a little deeper into your passenger seating manufacturers testing, just taking their word that they are “EU Compliant” can leave you with problems.
altIt’s important to check as a minimum current requirement if their passenger seats comply with ECE Reg 14.06, but please be aware that this will be replaced in November 2014 by ECE Reg 14.07 which is what most vehicle manufacturers are working towards. (ECE Reg 14 applies to M1 or N1 vehicles M2 or N2 minibuses require ECE Reg 80).
Companies saying that their M1 or N1 passenger seats are designed for “pre registered vehicles” can also be another warning sign, whilst fitting seats to a vehicle already registered would not need to go for a VOSA inspection, it could cause problems such as insuring the vehicle, obtaining a taxi licence plate and even an MOT failure later in the vehicles life.
The regulation is not just a simple pull test, there is a wealth of other testing that the seat must undergo
Test of the strength of anchorages for safety belts according to Council Directive 76/115/EEC as amended by 2005/41/EC for vehicles of category M1.
Test of the strength of seats, their anchorages and head restraints according to Council Directive 74/408/EEC amended by 2006/96/EC for vehicles of category M1
Testing of installation of safety belts and restraint systems according to Council Directive 77/541/EEC as amended by 2006/96EC for vehicles of category M1.
Testing of interior fittings according to ECE-R21/01, as well as Council Directive 74/60/EEC as amended by 2000/4/EC para. 5.7 (Rear Parts of seats anchored to the vehicle) for vehicles of category M1
When you look at a passenger seat the cost of steel, foam, upholstery, seat belt, is pretty much on an even level across all manufacturers, the real hidden costs are the grades of steel, quality of safety components, the design and work put into testing and complying with legislation. It is quite easy for the total costs of type approving a vehicle to reach £100,000 and we have to look at getting our passenger seats to comply with not only vehicle manufacturers such as Mercedes, Ford, Fiat, Peugeot, Volkswagen, but we then have to test on the shells of the Vito, Sprinter, Boxer, Transit etc and this can run into £30,000 per manufacturer, per vehicle model. Seat_Strength
It’s no longer good enough just to fit M1 seats into a vehicle. As the saying goes “a chain is only as strong as its weakest link”, you must also be able to demonstrate that the seat anchorage in the vehicle floor has also been tested as a complete assembly in a shell of the vehicle you intend to fit the seats into.
If your seating supplier has tested the seats in a Ford Transit and you are fitting them in a Mercedes Sprinter, again this will be rejected because manufacturer’s chassis behave differently under pull. You will also need to produce documentary evidence if your build is made up from several suppliers for example seats, legs and floor, there must be a clear link that the whole system approval interlinks together for your vehicle.
Ducato_rear_seats_2_bolts_AThe documentary evidence must come from either from your own test or from your seating manufacturers test. It also needs to have been witnessed by a recognised authority (This can be the VCA, TÜV, UTAC or test houses recognised by the VCA)
The seating market at the moment is very “buyer beware” But by taking simple actions by obtaining documentation. We deal with Police vehicles and the majority of Police Fleet managers in their tenders will no longer state M1 seats, it will say that the seats must comply with ECE 76/115 (Amendment 2005/41) and eventually ECE Reg 14.06
It’s your vehicle and the last thing you want, is to rip out the seats and floor because it does not comply, so please ensure you have all the correct documentation from your seating manufacturer before you buy.
Our Range of M1 and N1 Homologated Seating Solutions
We have a wide range of M1 and N1 homologated seating solutions to cover a vast range of vehicles, applications and budgets
Jany 801 Series non reclining fixed back
Jany 805 Reclining Seats
Jany 862 Tip/Fold Wheelchair and Ambulance Seats
Jany 825 Folding seats for Motorhomes
Gary Shaw, Be-Ge Seating UK Ltd